Luxembourg is in Western Europe and bordered by Belgium (148 Km), Germany(138 Km) and France(73 Km). it is one of the smallest countries in Europe, about the same size as the US state of Rhode Island.
Luxembourg had a population of 576,249, which makes it one of the least-populous countries in Europe, but by far the one with the highest population growth rate.Foreigners account for nearly half of Luxembourg’s population.
44.5% of the population have foreign background or foreign nationals; the foreign population is composed from 16.4% Portuguese, followed by the French (6.6%), Italians (3.4%), Belgians (3.3%), Germans (2.3%) Another EU countries(6.4%) and the remaining 6.1% were of other non-EU nations.
Luxembourg is one of least happy countries on Earth according to the annual Happy Planet Index.
- French and German are the official languages of Luxembourg. The spoken language of the majority of the 400,000 population is Luxembourgish.
- The 1984 Language Act determines that French is the only language of legislation, and that French, German as well as Luxembourgish can be used for administrative or judicial purposes. Official documents are usually not available in Luxembourgish.
- Though Luxembourgish is part of the West Central German group of High German languages, more than 5,000 words in the language are of French origin.The first printed sentences in Luxembourgish appeared in a weekly journal, the ‘Luxemburger Wochenblatt’, in the second edition on 14 April 1821.
Luxembourg Constitution constitution guarantees freedom of religion and since 1980 it has been illegal for the government to collect statistics on religious beliefs or practices. But estimations give the following:
- The majority of the people are Roman Catholic.
- Christianity of Luxembourg is reflected in the national holidays.
- According to a Poll done in 2005, 44% of Luxembourg citizens responded that “they believe there is a God”, 28% answered that “they believe there is some sort of spirit or life force” and 22% that “they do not believe there is any sort of spirit, god, or life force”.
- The University of Luxembourg is the only university based in Luxembourg. Two American universities maintain campuses in the country, the Miami University Dolibois European Center and Sacred Heart University Luxembourg.
- Luxembourg is a small country and many people remain in the same town in which they were raised, therefore creating close extended families.
- Obligation to one’s family is a person’s first priority.
- The family is the social adhesive of the country and each member has certain duties and responsibilities.
Business and personal life:
- Luxembourgers are private people and do not put their possessions or emotions on display.
- Personal life is kept separate from business.
- If a friendship develops at work and is carried into the personal arena, this camaraderie will not be brought into the office.
Food and drink:
Luxembourg’s cuisine has been influenced over the years by neighboring France, Germany, and Belgium.
These are some specialties of Luxembourg:
- Thüringer – Inexpensive, small sausages that taste like a spicy version of the German bratwurst. They are often sold by street vendors and at roadside stands. New regulations prohibit the use of the word “Thüringer” as it is now regionally protected and reserved to sausages produced in the German free state of Thuringia. They are now commonly referred to as “Grillwurscht” (Lëtzebuerger) or “Grillinger”.
- Bouneschlupp – A green bean soup.
- Gromperekichelcher – A carefully spiced potato pancake with chopped onions and parsley, then deep-fried. They are available at roadside stands as well.
- Éisleker Ham – Smoke-cured raw ham, said to look like the Italian Prosciutto crudo, sliced paper-thin and commonly served with fresh bread.
- Kachkéis (cooked cheese) – A soft cheese spread.
- Pâté – A spreadable paste, usually made of meat but vegetarian versions exist.
- Quetschentaart – A plum tart; along with peach, cherry, and pear tarts, it is a typical dessert and can be found in any pastry shop or restaurant.
- Imported beer is increasingly gaining control of the beer market in Luxembourg.
- In Luxembourg people will judge you based on your appearance. If you wear nice clothes and drive an expensive car, they will respect you more.
- Luxembourgish people are punctual, they expect you to be the same.
- Luxembourgers do not ask personal questions and will refuse to answer should you intrude on their privacy.
- Greetings are reserved and formal until a relationship has been established.
- The most common greeting is a brief handshake.
- Very close friends greet each other by lightly kissing on the cheeks three times, starting with the left cheek and alternating.
- This can be between women or a man and a woman.Men never kiss other men; they always shake hands.
- Surnames with the honorific titles Monsieur or Madame are used in most social situations.