Germany is Europe’s second most populous after Russia, has the largest economy on the continent and the fifth largest in the world .
The population is 91.5 percent German, 2.4 percent Turkish and remaining 6.1 percent is made up primarily of Greek, Russian, Italian, Polish, Serbo-Croatian and Spanish descent. About 75.7 percent of the population is urban.
Holidays and celebrations:
Germany is known for their “Oktoberfest” , a big beer festival which starts each year on a Saturday in September and ends 16 to 18 days later on the first Sunday in October. The tradition started in 1810, with the wedding of a Prince .
Germany also celebrates traditional Christian holidays, including Christmas and Easter. They also celebrate German Unification Day on October 3 which marks the reuniting of East and West Germany.
95 percent of the population speaks German as their first language, Most German vocabulary is derived from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family. Significant minorities of words are derived from Latin and Greek, with a smaller amount from French and most recently English (known as Denglisch). German is written using the Latin alphabet (Wikipedia) .
Other languages spoken include Serbian in eastern Germany, Danish, primarily spoken in the area along the Danish border. Romani, Turkish and Kurdish are also spoken.
Among the German box office hits, there were films such as:
- Chariots of the Gods (1970)
- Das Boot (The Boat, 1981),
- The Never Ending Story (1984),
- Otto – The Movie (1985),
- Run Lola Run (1998)
- Manitou’s Shoe (2001)
- Resident Evil series (2002–2016)
- Good Bye, Lenin! (2003),
- Head On (2004)
- The White Ribbon (2009)
- Animals United (2010),
- Cloud Atlas (2012).
Various Germans won an “Oscar” award for their performances in other films.
German food and drink:
- Beer is the most popular alcoholic beverage.
- Pork is the most consumed meat. Schweinshaxe (braised pork hock) and Saumagen (pork stomach) are a couple of traditional pork dishes.
- Bratwurst, a form of sausage, is closely associated with German food. Cabbage, beets, and turnips are commonly incorporated into meals, as they are native to the region, and potatoes and sauerkraut are also stars of German cuisine.
- Bread is a significant part of German cuisine and German bakeries produce about 600 main types of bread and 1,200 different types of pastries and rolls (Brötchen).
- German cheeses account for about a third of all cheese produced in Europe.
Historically, Germany has been called Das Land der Dichter und Denker (“the land of poets and thinkers”),because of the major role its writers and philosophers have played in the development of Western thought.
Germans have made tremendous contributions to classical music, and the traditions of famous German or Austrian composers such as Johann Sebastian Bach, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, Johannes Brahms, Richard Wagner and Gustav Mahler live on today.
According to the German Business Culture Guide , Germans can be considered the masters of planning. Their culture prizes forward thinking and planning. The German thought process is extremely thorough, with each aspect of a project being examined in great detail. Careful planning, in one’s business and personal life, provides a sense of security.
There is a high regard for engineers in German, as evidenced by the country’s success in the automotive industry. Because of this high level of respect for hands-on expertise, companies tend to be headed by technical experts rather than lawyers or those with a financial background.